Growing crops of any variety requires you to take care of the soil and nourish the plant with water and nutrients for the most return on your time and money. Whether you are growing crops at home or commercially, the smallest changes in your growing environment can help or harm your yield. Here are some recommendations to help you improve your yield and make your commercial gardening process easier and more productive.
There are many ways you water or irrigate your crop plants, including ditch irrigation and overhead spray watering. To be able to cover a larger area of crops, the overhead spray method is easier to control the water output and also manage the water delivery to your entire field, but overhead spray has its limitations. Spraying water aerial over your crops can cause you to lose a great deal of water to evaporation and from heavy winds. And with the issues with drought in many areas of the country, you don't want to lose any amount of water that can go toward increasing your crop's production.
Drip irrigation is a great method to use in residential settings to deliver water right to the roots of plants without losing water to runoff, evaporation, and wind, but is hard to implement in larger commercial growing areas. For commercial use of a drip method, you can use a mobile drip irrigation system, which utilizes the aerial automated water delivery sprayers and adjusts them to instead, deliver the water via drip lines that drag along the crop rows.
The amount of water you want to deliver to the plants, you can adjust by lengthening the drip lines and thus increasing the amount of water that saturates the crop rows. And you don't have water application to the leaves of your plants, which can cause loss of water to evaporation
Another method to help boost the yield to your crops, at home or commercial is with the use of appropriate fertilizers. There are many types of fertilizers available, which you can deliver to your crops through irrigation. Applying a fertilizer directly to your plant's roots can help the plant grow larger, stronger, and produce more fruit.
But it is important to follow the guidelines on your fertilizer to apply it at appropriate times during the growing season to boost your crop yield. For example, some fertilizers may require you to apply it into the soil the previous fall and again in the spring right before planting. This bio-stimulant fertilizer applied to the roots of grass or hay in right before spring growth and just before winter dormancy has been shown to increase your crop yield by 45 to 71 percent.